Emergency Dental Care

Understanding Periodontitis: A Progressive Form of Gum Disease


Proper dental hygiene is necessary for all people to maintain great oral health throughout their lifetime. Without adequate cleanliness and good habits, there is an increased chance of developing gum disease or advanced periodontitis. Brushing and flossing are the basic steps in oral disease prevention, but routine professional care is also necessary for optimal cleanliness.

The Cause
A patient may be more likely to develop gum disease due to genetics, but many cases develop simply because of neglectful oral care. As sticky bacteria builds up on the surface of the teeth, it can cause gingivitis to develop. This is the first stage of periodontitis that will progressively worsen if the patient leaves the issue untreated. People that smoke, use other tobacco products habitually, grind their teeth at night, or suffer from certain systemic diseases are more susceptible to oral problems because it can speed up the development of major issues.

Symptoms and Complications
Most of the noticeable symptoms that indicate the onset of gum disease often seem like minor issues at first. Unless there is a temporary injury, the gums should not bleed or feel tender. Early stages of gum disease appear as bright red gums, bad breath, or a minor toothache. As the issue progresses into advanced periodontal disease, the patient is going to notice gum recession, frequent swelling, and eventual tooth loss. 

It’s important to start teaching children at a very young age that daily brushing and flossing are a necessity. This early lesson should be carried into adulthood to ensure that adult teeth are not compromised by the disease. Tobacco use should always be avoided, and a dental professional can help with solutions to protect against the damage of tooth grinding. Professional visits twice a year are the best way to ensure that you are getting the best oral care and prevention of periodontitis.